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Common Data Privacy Acts and Related Abbreviations Explained

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Data privacy is at the forefront of consumer protection, with the no. of internet users and online shoppers skyrocketing in the last decade or so.

It is, therefore, important to be aware of rights, acts, and terms related to privacy and data protection.

Listed below are some Acts and Laws related to data privacy that you may like to learn about.

AbbreviationFull FormDescription
AADCAge-Appropriate Design CodeAlso known as the Children’s Code, it contains 15 standards that online services need to follow to ensure they are complying with their obligations under the data protection law to protect children’s data online.
ADPPA American Data Privacy and Protection Act It is a U.S. federal data privacy bill that gives U.S. consumers privacy rights concerning the use of their personal data and relies on an oversight system that allows for its effective enforcement.
AIAArtificial Intelligence ActA proposed law in the European Union aimed at regulating the development and use of artificial intelligence.
BIPABiometric Information Privacy ActA law in the US state of Illinois that regulates the collection, use, and storage of biometric information.
CCPACalifornia Consumer Privacy ActA law in California that gives consumers the right to know what personal information businesses collect about them and the right to request that it be deleted.
CDPAConsumer Data Protection ActA proposed law in the US that would establish a national data protection framework.
COPPAChildren’s Online Privacy Protection ActA law in the US that regulates the collection of personal information from children under 13 years of age.
CPRACalifornia Privacy Rights ActAn amendment to the CCPA that strengthens consumer privacy rights and establishes a dedicated enforcement agency.
DPAData Protection ActA law in the UK that regulates the collection, use, and storage of personal information.
DMADigital Markets ActA law in the European Union aimed at regulating the behavior of large tech companies.
DSADigital Services ActA proposed law in the European Union aimed at regulating online platforms and protecting consumers.
ePRePrivacy Regulation An EU Law which aims to set new rules around how businesses can communicate with customers, market their services, and process electronic communications data.
ECPAElectronic Communications Privacy ActA law in the US that regulates the interception of electronic communications.
FERPAFamily Educational Rights and Privacy ActA law in the US that regulates the privacy of student educational records.
FISAForeign Intelligence Surveillance ActA law in the US that regulates surveillance of foreign intelligence targets.
GDPRGeneral Data Protection RegulationA law in the European Union that regulates the collection, use, and storage of personal information.
GDPR-KGeneral Data Protection Regulation-KidsAn informal term to refer to the protections specific to children’s data in the European Union under GDPR (Article 8 and Recital 38)
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability ActA law in the US that regulates the privacy of health information.
HITECHHealth Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health ActAn amendment to HIPAA that regulates the use of electronic health records.
KOSAKids Online Safety ActThe Kids Online Safety Act (KOSA) empowers kids and parents to take control over kids’ online experiences to better protect their health and well-being.
LPPDLaw on the Protection of Personal DataA law in Turkey that regulates the collection, use, and storage of personal information.
NPICICNevada Privacy of Information Collected on the Internet from Consumers ActAn act that requires operators of commercial websites and online services to display a privacy policy. It was later modified to provide consumers a right to opt out of sales of certain information.
PECRPrivacy and Electronic Communications RegulationsA law in the UK that regulates electronic communications and direct marketing.
ROPARecord of Processing ActivitiesAn inventory of how, why, and with whom a business handles EU citizens’ personal data, as required under GDPR.
UCPAUtah Consumer Protection ActIt is a law that establishes data privacy responsibilities for companies doing business in the state

Other privacy-related abbreviations that you may be interested in.

AbbreviationFull FormDefinition
DPAData Protection AuthorityA data protection authority (DPA) whether an individual or a body, oversees the application of data protection laws.
DPCData Protection CommissionThe DPC is the Irish supervisory authority for the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
DPIAData Protection Impact AssessmentAn assessment to identify and minimize privacy risks associated with a project or system
DSRData Subject RightsThe rights of individuals to control their personal data
DSARData Subject Access RequestA request by an individual to access their personal data held by an organization
EDPBEuropean Data Protection BoardAn EU body that provides guidance on the implementation of data protection laws
LDULawful Data UserAn entity that has a legitimate reason to collect and use data
MNPIMaterial Non-Public InformationInformation that is not available to the general public and could be used to make decisions
PbDPrivacy by DesignAn approach to design products or systems that consider privacy from the outset
RTBFRight to be ForgottenAn individual’s right to request the removal of their personal data from online platforms
Sensitive Personal InformationA type of personal information that requires additional protection due to its sensitive nature.
SARSubject Access RequestA request by an individual to access their personal data held by an organization
SCCStandard Contractual ClausesA set of model contract clauses that allow for the transfer of personal data outside of the EU
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