One of the essential tasks for the administrator is to generate system dump, java core and heap dump in WebSphere Application Server. Usually, you have to do when troubleshooting application and needed to investigate the issues either in application or infrastructure.
This is possible either using WAS Admin Console or Command line. Based on your preference, you can choose the method.
1. Using WebSphere Administrative Console
- Login into DMGR Console
- Navigate to Troubleshooting at left side
- Click on java dumps and cores
- Select the JVM from the list and click on the one you wish to generate
Dump & Core will be generated under WebSphere profile location. You will get the absolute path under the message.
2. Using Command Line
- Login into WAS Server
- Go to profile and bin folder
- Execute wsadmin.sh file
[[email protected] bin]# ./wsadmin.sh WASX7209I: Connected to process "dmgr" on node localhostCellManager01 using SOAP connector; The type of process is: DeploymentManager WASX7029I: For help, enter: "$Help help" wsadmin>
- Set JVM name in a variable
set jvm [$AdminControl completeObjectName type=JVM,process=server1,*]
Note: server1 is for example. Change this to your actual JVM name.
wsadmin>set jvm [$AdminControl completeObjectName type=JVM,process=server1,*] WebSphere:name=JVM,process=server1,platform=proxy,node=localhostNode01,j2eeType=JVM,J2EEServer=server1,version=126.96.36.199,type=JVM,mbeanIdentifier=JVM,cell=localhostCell01,spec=1.0 wsadmin>
To generate heap dump
- Execute following
$AdminControl invoke $jvm generateHeapDump
This will generate heap dump and give you the path where it’s available.
wsadmin>$AdminControl invoke $jvm generateHeapDump /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/./heapdump.20160618.225441.4808.0006.phd wsadmin>
To generate Java Core
$AdminControl invoke $jvm dumpThreads
This will generate thread dump and will be available under profile path.
You see getting dumps are easy and analysing them is always interesting. Check out my next article on how to analyse them for application troubleshooting.