Managing heavy-traffic WordPress sites has many challenges, and one of them is a database.
The database is known for utilizing high resources like CPU, Memory, IO so it would be a good idea to host the database separately.
A typical WordPress site would be something like below.
Where all the software like Nginx/Apache, PHP, WordPress, MySQL/MariaDB is running on the same server.
Having everything on the same server is ok for small to medium traffic, but if you are managing a heavy-traffic website and optimizing each layer for optimal performance then you may want to decouple the database server.
There are two possible ways to do that.
Host database on a different server
Use Google Cloud Managed SQL
The first option is good, if you are ready to spend time & put effort into managing the database, then that would be cool. However, if you are not prepared for it, then you can avail of Google Cloud Managed SQL.
What is Google Cloud SQL?
Cloud SQL is a high-performance managed database (MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL server) service by Google. You don’t have to worry about installation, managing, performance optimization.
You pay what you use and let Google handle the database infrastructure.
Google Cloud SQL can be integrated with App Engine, Compute Engine, or any other hosting/service including your local workstation. Setting up database replication, High-availability, automatic failover doesn’t require database skills and you configure them using GCP Console.
Ready to see how Cloud SQL works with WordPress?
Scenario – I have a WordPress site hosted on Google Cloud (Compute Engine) where everything is running on a single server. I will do the following to separate the database.
Create a Cloud SQL Instance
Export the data from the existing MySQL database
Import the data to Cloud SQL
Allow Cloud SQL to be connected from the existing WordPress server
Change WordPress configuration to connect to Cloud SQL
Chandan Kumar is the founder of Geekflare. He’s helped millions to excel in the digital realm. Passionate about technology, He’s on a mission to explore the world and amplify growth for professionals and businesses.