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  • An Integrated development environment (IDE) is software that helps in software development.

    Sounds funny, right?

    An IDE is a collection of tools and facilities that programmers need for software development and design. It provides the programmer with an environment in which they can write and test their codes.

    Why are IDEs so important?

    Well, think of a scenario – you are going to make pasta for dinner. Even though you know the recipe, you will need ingredients and appropriate tools/ equipment to put your idea into action. You will find all the relevant tools and ingredients in a kitchen. So, that will be your workplace.

    Similarly, even though developers know how to code, they will need a workplace with all the relevant tools. IDE will provide the developers with that workstation. That’s why IDEs are very important.

    Fortunately, there are many options we have. The following are some of the best multipurpose IDE software that supports C, C++, PHP, Java, JavaScript, Python, and many more.

    BlueJ

    BlueJ is one of the most popular IDEs for JAVA programmers. It is best for programmers who work in an individual capacity or have a small-scale software development set up. It has a very interactive layout. It allows the developer to test their code and interact with new objects.

    You can develop objects by applying methods. You can test their value, and you can also visually scan the code.

    It is designed for teaching purposes and has a portal of teaching resources. You can check that here.

    Eclipse

    Eclipse

    Eclipse is one of the famous IDE for Java. It is a cross-platform desktop application.

    The interface provided by Eclipse is one of its most appealing elements. It allows a drop and drags functionality as well. You can also analyze your code using static analysis. It also supports elements such as debugging and profiling.

    CODE:: BLOCKS

    CODE:: BLOCKS is a free tool for the programmers of C and C++. It can be configured according to your requirements, and its plugins are highly flexible. It allows you to program objects in a visual object-oriented approach. It is termed as a class browser. It also supports the auto-completion of the code along with debugging.

    Alternatively, you can also use this online tool for C and C++ programming.

    GNAT Studio

    GNAT studio is a powerful IDE for C, C++, Ada, Spark, and Python developers. It supports debugging, profiling, drag n drops, and auto-complete features.

    Check out this getting started guide.

    AWS Cloud9

    AWS Cloud9 is a cloud-based IDE. It supports real-time analysis along with spontaneous editing. You can use AWS Cloud9 with more than 40 languages, including the popular ones Node.js, Python, JS, Ruby, and Go.

    Developing a serverless application?

    Good news!

    You can develop and test Lambda functions locally.

    CodeLite

    CodeLite is an open-source lightweight IDE for backend development. It is primarily known for PHP and Node.js and can be installed on Windows, Debian, Ubuntu, macOS, and Fedora.

    NetBeans

    NetBeans works well with almost all of the popular programming languages. It provides line indentation. It is also available in various languages such as English, Russian, Japanese, and Chinese. It also highlights the source code. The workspace is completely modifiable, and the programmer can modify it as per his/her needs.

    It also refactors code as well.

    Use Apache NetBeans to develop web, desktop, and mobile applications.

    JetBrains

    JetBrains offers enterprise-ready IDE for every type of development. Let me give you a quick overview of all of them.

    PhpStorm – a productive PHP IDE who understand every code and has plenty of inbuilt developer tools.

    AppCode – compatible with Xcode for iOS and macOS development. It integrates well with Reveal, CocoaPods, Git, Perforce, etc.

    CLion – as you can guess by the name, it’s for C and C++. It has inbuilt debugging.

    DataGrip – a database IDE that supports MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQL Server, DB2, MariaDB, Cassandra, Vertica, Hive, etc. It analyzes the codes on the fly and suggests fixes for any bugs.

    GoLand – perfect for Go developers. Running and debugging Golang is easy with GoLand.

    PyCharm – a perfect IDE for professional python developers. It supports major Python frameworks such as Flask, Django, web2py, Pyramid, and Google App Engine. Some of the worth mentioning features are as below.

    • Integrates with NumPy, Anaconda, matplotlib, and IPython Notebook for data science needs
    • Inbuilt intelligence for code automation, completion, refactoring, error highlighting, debugger
    • Remote development capabilities with Docker and Vagrant support

    Explore these Python learning resources if you are curious to learn.

    If you are a professional Python developer then you should explore these specialized Python IDE software.

    Intellij IDEA – primarily for Java but do understand JavaScript, SQL, HTML, React, Angular, Typescript, etc. It got inbuilt HTTP clients and tools to build, profile, decompile.

    Specific to Java it supports the following.

    • Kotlin
    • Groovy
    • Spring
    • Scala
    • Java EE
    • Jakarta EE
    • Grails

    Rider – it’s for .NET development and based on IntelliJ and ReSharper. It supports ASP.NET, Xamarin, unity games, .NET core, etc.

    RubyMine – for Ruby development.

    WebStorm – for JavaScript lovers. It supports frameworks such as React, Vue.js, Node.js, Angular, Meteor, Electron, React Native, Ionic, and Cordova. Unit testing is powered by Karma, Mocha, Jest, and Protractor.

    All of JetBrains IDE is cross-platform, which means you can use it on Windows or macOS.

    Selenium

    Are you a test automation expert?

    You’ll like Selenium IDE; lets you record and playback tests. It’s open-source and works with Chrome and Firefox.

    You can extend the functionality and integration using the plugin.

    QC – Qt Creator

    Develop mobile, web, embedded, and desktop applications using Qt Creator. It connects to version control like Git, Subversion, Perforce, Mercurial, and have two inbuilt UI tools – Qt Quick Designer and Qt Designer.

    Qt can be integrated into Microsoft Visual Studio. The following are some of its benefits.

    • Generate documentation
    • Unit testing and an integrated debugger
    • Detect CPU and RAM performance bottlenecks
    • Use the emulator to test applications on different devices.

    It supports Qt QML, Python, and C++.

    Theia

    Elipse Theia is a multi-language IDE, available as a cloud or desktop edition. It supports more than 60 languages and has an integrated terminal.

    With the flexible layout, you can dock your favorite window as you like.

    RStudio

    RStudio is available as open-source and commercial, both. It’s for the R language, which is known for data mining and statistics work.

    You can execute R code through IDE console and offer powerful features to build and debug. It lets you create beautiful interactive graphs with the help of Shiny and ggvis.

    If you curiuos to learn R then you must check this bestselling Text Mining and NLP processing in R course.

    How to choose an IDE?

    • First of all, you should make a list of things that are your priority. It is crucial as one programmer might be looking for an IDE with the best syntax highlighting, whereas the other might be looking for an IDE with the best interface. So, it would be best if you defined your needs first.
    • Some critical criteria to be included in your priority list are syntax highlighting, debugging, error highlighting, interface, and static code analysis.
    • Then grade different IDEs based on your priority list and choose the one that suits you the most.

    How about online code editors?

    Sure, there is plenty of online code and text editor for developers, and it’s gaining popularity.

    You know why!

    It is easy to get it started and can access from anywhere and facilitate collaboration.

    Conclusion

    Choosing the right IDE can influence your development productivity. Most of the above-mentioned IDE software is free so give it a try to see what works for you.