A majority of the companies who have an online presence either use or plan to use a content management system in some volume.
Unfortunately, traditional CMS (Content Mangement System) tools have failed to address the user needs in numerous ways, such as providing the required flexibility regarding delivering the content to an existing channel or integrating new delivery formats.
As the era of IoT (Internet of Things) descends upon the human world, the need of a headless CMS is accelerating higher as introducing IoT to your application can pose challenges in traditional CMS.
What is a Headless CMS?
The term “Headless” refers to lack of a frontend. A headless CMS merely contains an API and backend system where the content is stored and delivered.
The lack of frontend is fulfilled in such a way that the content is published to an API or web service which is capable of publishing the content to any smart device.
From the technical point of view, instead of creating relationships between the code and content, headless CMS uses API calls to render content into the webpage.
Also, it does not require any hosts. Hence, many developers choose headless CMS over others as its easier to maintain.
Features of headless CMS
- Modeling, creating and authorizing content
- Organising content repositories
- Improving workflow and collaboration
- Advanced image management
- Digital asset management
- Access controls
Why headless CMS?
Let us look at some of the benefits of headless CMS:
- Flexibility: transitional CMS is very limiting and can be frustrating. Using a headless CMS will allow you to design your front end. Moreover, it comes with a well-defined API, thus, allocating more time to creating content rather than managing it.
- Compatible: You will able to publish the content to any smart device while the backend can be controlled from one device.
- Secured: As the Content publishing environment isn’t accessible from the database, using this will prevent malware attacks.
- Scalable: since the front end and back end are separated, there is no separate time needed for maintenance. This allows you to customize your website anytime without having to compromise the performance.
- Control: It does not have any rules and gives the developer complete control. The developer will be able to integrate with any code base and use any preferred language of their choice.
Now that we know what a headless CMS is let us look at some of the headless CMS available in the market.
Directus being an open source CMS, is great for projects that require customized databases.
Written with backbone.js, the public API uses REST. Similar to other traditional CMS tools, it is powered by PHP; developers will thus, feel comfortable with the scripting language if known.
- Extremely simple to manage your content with an interface that requires no training.
- It stays up-to-date by pulling whatever is required from the database. It is as comfortable as entering credentials.
- It is fully decomposed and extensible.
- Directus adds the feature of uploading and managing files; databases do not typically handle files.
- Writing comments or a note at certain times is useful. Directus comment features prove to be very functional.
- All activity within directus is tracked, and rollbacks are possible. Hence, you never lose data.
- Pre-uploading long videos fail.
Contentful manages a headless CMS infrastructure platform where you focus on your content and backend.
It uses RESTful API development kits for all popular languages. Contentful is welcoming newcomers, so anyone can quickly create data entries.
It proves to be one of the most affordable options for small to medium scale businesses.
- Developers can manage and deliver content via APIs and are free to use their preferred languages and frameworks.
- Content creators will be able to create and manage content in the web app and have instant access to all new features.
- The fully decoupled write and read API ensures a fault tolerant system.
- Developers are not restricted to particular guidelines and are free to use their languages and frameworks they are comfortable with.
- It provides a one content infrastructure to all. Hence, you can edit the content anywhere, anytime through a smart device.
- You can also integrate with other services like Dropbox. Hence, the existing services can be used without restriction.
- While API’s help to a certain extent, Developers are left on their own and are held entirely responsible for functionality.
- Developers need to get comfortable with concepts like content-modeling and search-based management to get a proper workflow.
Originated in 2014, Chicago based butterCMS allows transfer of data from your old traditional CMS.
It focuses on delivering two products:
- Headless CMS
- Blog Engine
- Being completely headless, it takes much lesser time.
- Requires zero maintenance. Hence you don’t need to worry about hosting, upgrades, security or performance.
- It provides a powerful admin interface.
- The SEO support of butter CMS helps significantly boost your page views.
- Installing and integrating requires very less time.
- Their simple API and client libraries integrate with any language/framework.
- The user interface could be improved in specific areas.
- Lacks commonly used templates.
If you’re continually producing content, then Kentico cloud will be the right choice for you as all of your content can be created in one place.
It is a cloud-based system where the content can be viewed and edited anywhere through a smart device.
- Organise and collaborate with your team through a cloud-based content hub.
- Uses super-fast API to render content in web pages.
- Track and analyze customer experience.
- It’s known for its exclusive user-interface.
- Although it offers a free version initially, if the users or the content API increases, prices increase quickly.
With Prismic CMS, teams of developers and marketers can launch websites, also allowing front-end developers to customize the front-end and use any programming language.
Launched in 2013, Prismic is a SaaS-based headless CMS that is used by leading companies like Google and eBay.
- It supports Multi-language to get a better reach.
- Capable Integrating with other resources
- Scheduling and previews are possible.
- Installing and setting up hardly consumes time.
- User-friendly experience.
- Drag and drop, rich text editors make the SEO customization easier.
- A rich text editor is relatively basic
- Not suitable for brands without developers.
Squidex, at a type of headless CMS, lets you have complete control over the data.
The software is built with a neat and efficient user-interface which lets you create and edit the content through any smart device, anywhere!
- Approval process control
- Document management
- Rich text editor
- Version control
- Squidex is a powerful open source software which lets you create and edit content with excellent efficiency.
- Gives reliable content distribution system.
- Developers can configure the system according to their needs.
- Lacks workflow for visioning
Strapi is an opensource CMS intended to be transparent and striving to be a perfect balance between a CMS, framework and an automation tool to speed-up back-end development and management.
The main aim of Strapi is to build a robust API and to provide an advanced CMS.
- Elegant, fully customizable and extensible admin panel
- Plugins oriented
- Capable of integrating with any frameworks
- It comes with a blueprint that lets you create, read, update and delete your data.
- Managing user sessions is convenient.
- Easier to manage your applications.
- Drag and drop sometimes result in repeated images.
- Error with array field type
It provides a highly flexible and reliable foundation for your business sites wherever the customers are.
- Scrivito requires zero maintenance.
- Powered by ReactJs.
- It combines unmatched WYSIWYG usability for editors.
- High Client-side rendering technology for developers.
- The concept of a workspace is highly efficient.
- Headless design
- User-friendly environment
- Lacks administration of a web server.
Netlify is an extensible CMS built as a single pact react app. It can be used with any static site generator for a faster and flexible web project.
By making sure all assets are optimized and served with perfect caching-headers with a cookie-less domain, it processes your site to a greater extent.
- Editor-friendly user interface
- Intuitive workflow for content teams
- With Git Gateway, you can add CMS access for any team member
- Fastest static hosting.
- With Netlify, creating a website is extremely simple
- Both web-based and command line services are available. You can upload your website to netlify by merely using the drag and drop option.
- Can pull all the updates from Github and Gitlab automatically.
- Supports HTTPS.
- Prices can increase in the future.
Appernetic is a static site generator as a form of service (SaAs), acting as a bridge between the simplicity of static web pages and user-friendly CMS.
It allows the creation of faster and more secure websites.
- Responsive layout.
- Fast and secure
- Using visual tree view, you can navigate between file systems.
- Neat Organisation of data.
- Fast setup
- Developers have complete control over the source code
- Integrated with Github and Gitlab
- You can automatically get a cloudinary link.
- Powerful content model
- Lack of better themes
- There is no asset pipeline
- Adding a plugin or extension engine is hard
A quick comparison table to give you an idea about various headless CMS solutions.
|CMS||Opensource?||Highlights||Type||Supported Site Generators|
|Directus||Yes||Headless CMS managing not workflow but content||API||All|
|Contentful||No||Content management developer platform managed by an API core||API||All|
|Butter CMS||No||Helps in swiftly creating CMS powered websites using any programming language.||API||All|
|Kentico Cloud||No||Headless CMS based on cloud computing services||API||All|
|Prismic||No||CMS handled by API which serves as a backend for websites and apps||API||All|
|Squidex||Yes||Headless CMS which is scalable for developers||API||All|
|Strapi||Yes||Most developed Node.js CMS aiding in building powerful API conveniently||API||All|
|Scrivito||No||CMS based on cloud computing and ReactJS, set up for digital agencies and large-scale businesses||API||All|
|Netlify||Yes||Single page CMS wrote in React, fabricated for static site generators||Git-based||All|
|Appernetic||No||This CMS blends the user-friendliness of CMS and the simplicity of static websites||Git-based||Hugo|
Headless CMS is getting popular than ever. If you are a developer or business owner, then I hope above give you an idea about available solutions.