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  • Monitoring webserver is essential to see what’s happening on your website. Lately, I was looking for some sort of solution and came across ngxtop, which helps you to monitor various metrics, including the following.

    In this article, I’ll explain how to install and use ngxtop for Linux and Ubuntu OS.

    Previously, I have used GoAccess Log Analyzer and found ngxtop is a lightweight and good choice for Nginx web server metrics monitoring.

    This assumes you have Nginx installed and running. If not, then you can refer to my installation guide.

    A little introduction about ngxtop

    ngxtop is a python based program, which you can install on top of Python. Once installed, you can execute ngxtop, and you will notice it looks like the typical top output on Linux but with Nginx related information.

    To Install ngxtop on CentOS/RHEL

    First, you need to install PIP (Python Package Management System).

    To do so…

    • Login to your server with root credential
    • Enable EPEL repository by installing below package
    yum install epel-release

    Now, install pip with below command

    yum install python-pip

    And finally, use below to install ngxtop

    pip install ngxtop

    If using CentOS/RHEL 8 then you can use the DNF command like the following.

    dnf install epel-release python2 python2-pip
    pip2 install ngxtop

    To Install ngxtop on Ubuntu

    Use below command to install PIP

    apt-get install python-pip

    And now use following to install ngxtop

    pip install ngxtop

    Installation is easy. Isn’t it? Let’s see some of the real-time metrics.

    Nginx Activity Summary

    Use ngxtop command to view the summary of request count, requested URI, the number of requests by status code.

    ngxtop

    Tip: you can use to find a broken link by looking at a request, which has a status code as 404.

    Check top client’s IP

    It’s very handy to see who is making a large number of requests to your Nginx server.

    ngxtop top remote_addr

    ngxtop-remote-addr

    How about displaying requests only, which has a 404 status code?

    ngxtop -i 'status >= 404'

    It’s not just real-time, but also you can analyze it offline by parsing access log.

    To analyze access.log, you can use:

    ngxtop –l /path/access.log

    Another example would be to parse the offline access.log from Apache.

    ngxtop –f common –l /path/access.log

    There are multiple combinations you can use to filter out access.log for meaningful data. Next, you may want to try out Nginx Plus.