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In Career Last updated: August 31, 2023
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Do you want to build your career in IT? Learn about the job opportunities, salaries, necessary skills, and growth scope in different fields of Information technology.

Globalization, technological advancement, and demand for digital solutions pushed the rapid growth of IT. It also resulted in the integration of technology in all aspects of life, including business. Surprisingly, the growth in the IT sector is not limited to its own field. It directly and indirectly influences other industries as well.

Now, sectors like healthcare, finance, education, retail, energy, logistics, transportation, and media, none of which are directly related to IT, are all revolutionized by Information Technology.

Skilled IT Professionals: Market Demand and Career Opportunities


In recent years, the world has seen an increasing demand for skilled IT professionals. As of 2023, 62 million people are employed worldwide in the IT sector. Thanks to rapid technological advancements and transformation, almost all industries have IT-related job vacancies. The booming number of machine learning courses also proves the same.

Despite the layoffs, the demand for skilled IT professionals is on the rise. In this ever-evolving sector, there is ample scope for growth and advancement for professionals. If they want, they can start their own company after gaining substantial experience.

Now, we explain various career paths in IT with job opportunities, salaries, and necessary skills.

Software Development

The primary responsibility of a software developer is to create new applications or software. However, their responsibilities cover a number of associated tasks depending on their experience and projects.


Key Responsibilities of Software Developers

The major ones are:

  • Analyzing user and client requirements for software development
  • Choosing the right language and framework to write clean and maintainable code
  • Identifying and troubleshooting bugs in the developed software
  • Using version control systems to manage and track codebase changes
  • Collaborating with product designers, managers, and QA testers
  • Creating technical documents like code comments, user manuals, and system documentation
  • Locating bottlenecks in the software’s performance and optimizing code for better efficiency.
  • Implementing best security practices to protect software against cyber threats
  • Performing continuous maintenance for deployed software
  • Review codes for quality and consistency

Popular programming languages for software developers are: HTML, JavaScript, Python, SQL, TypeScript, Java, C#, C++, C, PHP.

Popular frameworks for developers are: Django, Vue.js, Angular, React.js, Backbone, Laravel, Rails, Express.


Salary of Software Developers

In the USA, the average base salary of a software developer is $107,300. The entry-level developers get around $85,004, while the most experienced ones get as high as $148,251. While this salary data is based on the input shared by the software developers working in different parts of the USA, it can vary on factors like experience, job location, company, abilities like coding expertise, etc.

Factors that Affect a Software Developer’s Salary

  • Experience and portfolio
  • Skillset
  • Job location 
  • Company size and revenue
  • Industry
  • Education
  • Low-code and no-code software development
  • Dependency of cloud computing due to remote jobs
  • Rise in the use of AI and ML
  • Expansion of IoT
  • DevSecOps becoming the new approach
  • Simplified deployment of Microservices Architecture
  • Blockchain for security and transparency
  • Progressive Web Apps
  • Use of React Native for hybrid development
  • High demand for outsourcing developers

Impact of Cloud Computing on Software Development

  • Developers can work on cloud platforms and use resources on demand.
  • There is no need to invest in hardware and physical infrastructure.
  • Pay-as-you-go plans reduce the financial risk of traditional infrastructure procurement.
  • It allows remote and distributed teams to work more efficiently in different locations.
  • Cloud services offer components and services for faster development and deployment.
  • Developers can deliver software efficiently through automated deployment and monitoring.
  • Security measures and compliance certificates make it reliable for developing secure apps.
  • Cloud computing technology offers Microservices Architecture and serverless computing.

Significance of Machine Learning in Software Development

  • It opens new career paths due to a growing demand for developers with ML skills.
  • The knowledge of ML allows developers to automate tasks and processes.
  • It also helps you process and analyze large amounts of data for informed decision-making.
  • Using Machine Learning algorithms, developers can create personalized user experiences.
  • ML plays an important role in quality assurance and software testing.
  • It even helps developers detect fraud and anomalies in the software system.
  • With ML knowledge, innovation of challenging applications and services becomes possible.
  • ML-powered tools allow developers to write code, suggest code auto-completion, and generate code snippets.
  • Learning Machine Learning makes you capable of collaborating effectively with data analysts.

If you want to have a career in mobile app development, you must be aware of the latest trends in this field, such as:

  • Augmented Reality (AR)
  • Virtual Reality
  • Cross-Platform Development Frameworks
  • App integration for IoT
  • 5G technology
  • Low-code/no-code
  • Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)
  • AI and ML Empowering Apps
  • Blockchain Technology in Mobile Apps

How to Find a Job in Software Development

To get a job in software development, you need a degree in software engineering, software development, computer engineering, or any related subject. You can even get a bachelor’s and master’s degree in technology online.

With an internship, you will not only get professional experience but also be able to develop a professional portfolio to showcase your abilities. Creating a killer resume and getting related certifications will also help you get a job in software development.

Also read: How to Become a Software Engineer

Software developer job aspirants can check out the following resources to find out the common interview questions:

Apart from these, you can also check out our article on how to become a Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET).

Data Science


As data is becoming most crucial for businesses, more companies are entering the data business. So, any company dealing with big data in the 21st century has a great demand for a dependable and expert data scientist. Since the future of decision-making depends on this, you will see a growing demand for skilled professionals in this field. 

Not to mention, there is a shortage of data scientists who can contribute to the company’s growth. For this reason, you can have a bright future in this opposition if you have all the required skills.

Industries Leveraging Data Science and Analytics

  • Banking, finance, insurance
  • Retail and manufacturing
  • Construction
  • Transportation
  • Government
  • Media and entertainment
  • Healthcare and medicine
  • Cybersecurity
  • Natural resources
  • Agriculture
  • IT and telecom
  • Education
  • Natural resources

Essential Skills and Software Knowledge to Become a Data Scientist

  • Knowledge of programming languages like Python and Django
  • SQL database
  • Statistical analysis and probability
  • Data visualization software like Tableau and Power BI
  • Open-source frameworks like Hadoop
  • AI and Machine Learning library like PyTorch
  • Cloud computing and data analysis
  • Data visualization storytelling, analytical mindset, and ability to think outside the box
  • Collaboration, attention to detail, and constant learning

Also read: Online Data Engineering Courses

Average Salary of a Data Scientist

In the USA, entry-level data scientists get $81,989/year, but the experienced professional can earn up to $189,137/year. The annual average salary is around $124,528, while it can be higher in some states.

Potential Career Growth Opportunities in Data Science

  • Lead data analyst
  • Data Engineer
  • Business analyst
  • Data Architect
  • Big data engineer
  • Database Engineer
  • Senior data scientist
  • Director of Analytics

How to Find a Job in Data Science


To have a career in this sector, you need to have a solid foundation in data science or related fields. Gaining hands-on experience through an internship is another way to land a job as a data scientist in a reputed company. 

As you continue to work on different projects, focus on building a portfolio that demonstrates your experience and achievements. Attaching it with a targeted resume will increase your chance of getting hired. You can also consider directly reaching out to the company HR and expanding your network on LinkedIn.

Here are some resourceful interview questions along with their answers:

These should help you better prepare for initial rounds as, after all, practice makes perfect!



With more and more people falling prey to hacking, phishing, and all other kinds of cyberattacks, the security of the digital sphere has become more important than ever. Here are some reasons cybersecurity is a significant aspect of the present world:

  • Protecting all kinds of sensitive data from fraud, identity theft, and criminal activities.
  • Saving personal information from getting misused and exploited
  • Preventing critical operations and services from getting interrupted
  • Ensuring national security is protected from cyber threats
  • Stopping substantial economic losses due to data breaches and reputation damage
  • Protecting Intellectual Property from cyber espionage and theft
  • Maintaining trust between organizations and their clients and customers 

Responsibilities of Cybersecurity Professionals

The Job responsibilities of a cybersecurity professional depend on the roles they hold. Here are some common responsibilities they need to perform:

  • Develop the cybersecurity strategy and policies of an organization
  • Identify system, network, and application vulnerabilities and prioritize them according to risk and impact
  • Detect security breaches and incidents in time and respond to them immediately
  • Monitor the IT architecture of an organization for unusual activities
  • Integrate security controls and mechanisms into new and existing systems
  • Spread awareness about cybersecurity best practices among employees
  • Manage user access and permissions to systems and resources
  • Regularly perform security audits to ensure compliance

Crucial Skills and Certifications in Cybersecurity

  • Knowledge about OS and virtual machines
  • Coding knowledge
  • Detailed knowledge of network and administration
  • Management of cloud security, IoT, and information security
  • Security incident handling and auditing
  • Knowledge of local and international laws and regulations 
  • Risk analysis and technical aptitude
  • Fundamental computer forensics skills

Besides, cybersecurity specialists can also go for the following certifications to get benefits during hiring and promotion:

Salary Ranges for Cybersecurity Specialists

The salary range of cybersecurity specialists depends on their experience, certifications, and industry demand. The entry-level specialists make $69,000/year, while the experts make up to $125,000. However, the average salary is $93,395 in the USA.

Industries With a High Demand for Cybersecurity Professionals

  • Government agencies
  • Defense
  • Financial services
  • Banking and insurance
  • Healthcare 
  • Manufacturing and Retail
  • Energy
  • Securities and investments

How to Find a Job in Cybersecurity

If you want to get a job in the field of cybersecurity, you need to have a relevant degree or certification; while some entry-level jobs do not need you to have a bachelor’s degree, it is essential for mid or advanced-level jobs.

So, you need to focus on gaining the necessary skills and doing certification courses. The best way to land a cybersecurity job as a fresher is to become an intern in a reputed company. This will let you gain real-life experience and provide you with the necessary exposure.

You should always look for jobs on prominent job boards and company websites to see if any company is hiring. Actively apply for all the positions that match your skills and concentrate on gaining the necessary soft skills.

IT Project Management


IT project management means planning, managing, and delegating tasks to complete specified IT objectives of a company. Some examples of an IT project include software development, web development, network upgrades, hardware installation or upgrades, and data management initiatives.

To make these projects get executed successfully, within budget, and on time, the project managers play a crucial role. They need to manage the project scope, take care of team members and resources, allocate the budget, and distribute the tasks to the entire team. For the success of a project, the IT project managers should measure the progress of a project to identify any bottlenecks before they hamper the project. 

Risk assessment, resolving problems throughout the life cycle of a project, task prioritization and delegation, and making decisions during complex situations are other tasks IT project managers do to achieve desired project outcomes.

Skills and Certifications Required for IT Project Managers

To become an efficient project manager in an IT project, you should have the following skills:

  • Understanding and hands-on experience with technology
  • Ability to learn quickly and adapt
  • Time management and prioritization
  • Project planning, task scheduling, and scope management
  • Budget management and resource allocation
  • Communication with the teammates and stakeholders
  • Decision-making and critical thinking
  • Quality management with QA, testing, and validation

Here is a list of essential certifications for project managers. They can also participate in online project management courses.

Salary Ranges for IT Project Managers

As of mid-2023, the average salary of an IT project manager in the USA is $79,731. Nevertheless, the range of lowest and highest salaries is $71,218 and $90,835. The salary can vary depending on the company revenue and project complexity.

How to Get a Job as an IT Project Manager

If you want to become a project manager for any IT project, getting a bachelor’s degree in CSE, IT, business, or any technology subject will be highly beneficial. Besides, you should develop a strong understanding of concepts and technologies related to your desired industry. 

Obtaining certifications, including Project Management Professional (PMP), Certified ScrumMaster (CSM), or PRINCE2 Practitioner, will help you. Also, keep yourself updated with the latest technologies and trends.

Networking with the top company officials and HRs, along with flaunting your PM portfolio, can help you get the project manager job in an IT project or company.  

Network and Systems Administration

A system admin can work in any industry where the physical servers and networks are located within the organization’s premises. They get a lucrative salary, and even the interns get paid. Network and system administrators also move up the ladder through various career paths. 


They could become senior system administrators, system architects, cybersecurity specialists, or IT consultants. Even as a sysadmin, they could join a government agency, corporate company, or an educational institution. After gaining substantial experience, they could become self-employed consultants. Some network admins may become system engineers or software developers. 

Responsibilities of Network and System Administrator

  • Designing, setting, maintaining, and expanding the network
  • Supporting and configuring networks and in-house servers
  • Installing new server hardware and applications
  • Always being aware of the trends and available updates
  • Making sure the security and connectivity of the network
  • Monitoring the performance of the network and included devices
  • Creating account, permission, and passwords for all users
  • Formulating policy and best practices for networks
  • Keeping a log for network functions, maintenance, and repair
  • Taking care of email and data storage of the network
  • Resolving problems within the network
  • Creating policies for data backup and recovery as well as performing them

Salary Ranges for Network and System Administrators

The average network and system administrator’s annual salary in the United States is $75,212, while the range typically falls between $51,618 and $109,591. Salary ranges can vary depending on factors like education, relevant experience, certifications, and other related skills.

Skills & Certifications Needed in Network and System Administration

To have a career in this IT profession, you need the following skills:

  • Thorough networking knowledge and hands-on experience
  • Cloud computing and architecture
  • Knowledge about IT infrastructure security
  • Account Access Management
  • Hardware, software, and database management
  • Troubleshooting capabilities
  • Remote access support
  • Detailed knowledge of OS
  • Problem -solving
  • Communication

Apart from developing these skills, there are some certifications that will help you succeed in this profession. You can go for the online CCNA certification courses or might want to enroll in Linux certification courses. You can also take these online courses to become a network admin.

Industries and Sectors Where Network and Sysadmins Are in High Demand

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the highest demand for network and system admins is seen in the IT sector, which includes computer systems design and related services. The people in this profession are also needed in educational services. Moreover, they are employed in information, finance, enterprises, manufacturing industry, healthcare, government industry, research and development, and logistics industries.

Business Analysis and IT Consulting

IT includes an array of areas like hardware, software, networks, web design, and security. Hence, you must have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, electrical engineering, cybersecurity, or a related discipline. After that, you need an internship and work experience to improve your skills. 


Some IT consultant positions might ask for certifications in specialized areas. Also, you should have a strong foundation in programming, databases, and networks while staying constantly updated on the recent trends and developments in the IT sector. 

If you have good problem-solving and analytics skills, you will make a good IT consultant. As this position requires you to work directly with people, you must have good communication skills to convey ideas effectively.

Responsibilities of Business Analysts and IT Consultants

  • Analyze business processes to understand business needs, goals, and challenges
  • Evaluate project feasibility and design solutions
  • Developing comprehensive business cases
  • Perform User Acceptance Testing
  • Risk assessment and managing organizational changes
  • Assure product quality and prioritize tasks based on strategy
  • Client collaboration for assessment
  • Plan for the project and design the appropriate solution
  • Recommend technology according to budget and other requirements
  • Evaluate vendors to choose the right partner
  • Perform IT audits and plan for business continuity
  • Provide training and workshops for clients

Skills and Expertise Required for Business Analysis and Consulting Roles

  • Smooth communication skills with good listening skills
  • Coordination with stakeholders 
  • Understand and manage the project objectives
  • Knowledge of SQL, .NET, Perl, VBScript, and statistical software
  • Methodology skills like Agile, Six Sigma, BPMN, etc.
  • Collaboration with different departments
  • Task prioritization, time management, and problem solving

To become a business analyst, you can get help from these learning resources

Average Salaries for Business Analysts and IT Consultants

The salary you will get as a business analyst or IT consultant will depend on experience, industry, organization size, and project complexity. In the USA, the median annual salary of a business analyst is $81,948, while the salary range is between $74,131 and $90,919.

As an IT consultant in the USA, you can expect to make between $59,996 and $116,976, with a median salary of $80,012.

Potential for Specialization in Consulting for Higher Earning Potential


There is a high demand for expertise in the IT sector. For this reason, IT consultants with specialization in different fields have the potential to earn more salary and have better career growth. They can specialize in business strategy, operations, finance, or organizational development.

How to Create a Targeted CV

  • Read the job posting thoroughly and mark the key points
  • Go through the website and social handles of the target company
  • Select a resume format suitable for the target company or industry
  • Write down your resume using an easy-to-read font
  • Include your education, skills, and experience relevant to the post
  • Review the key points and check if you have included all of those

If necessary, you may write a cover letter with the CV. There are also many cover letter creators available to make your task easier.

Also read: Best AI Cover Letter Generators 

How to Create a Compelling Resume That Stands Out

  • Keep it short and straightforward
  • Include relevant skills and experiences
  • Use numbers and metrics to show results
  • Make it visually attractive
  • Edit and proofread to keep it error-free
  • Highlight sections and include a summary

You can take assistance from premium resume builders and AI resume builders to create outstanding resumes for any IT jobs. 

Final Words

As you can see from the above discussion, the world of IT holds a lot of promise as a potential career field. You can choose to join any of these professions following the approaches mentioned here.

The interview questions, too, should help give you the confidence you need if you are a fresher or some additional practice if you’ve already given a few. And if you want a bit more practice check out AI-powered interview preparation platforms for your next job.

  • Bipasha Nath
    I am a technical and creative content writer with 10+ years of experience in the relevant industry. My degrees in English and Sociology, coupled with working experience in software development companies, help me understand how technology… read more
  • Narendra Mohan Mittal

    Narendra Mohan Mittal is a versatile and experienced digital branding strategist and content editor with over 12 years of experience. He is a Gold Medalist in M-Tech and B-Tech in Computer Science & Engineering.

    Currently,… read more

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