In Development Last updated:
Share on:
Cloudways offers managed cloud hosting for any size business to host a website or complex web applications.

In this article, I’ll introduce you to a fascinating technique in programming called monkey patching.

Imagine you have a tool that can be reshaped to fit different tasks without fundamentally changing its core structure – that’s monkey patching for you.

I will also explain how monkey patching has become a go-to method for developers seeking adaptability in their code. Instead of rewriting entire sections of software, monkey patching enables developers to make specific changes on the go.

I’ll walk you through its relevance in today’s programming industry, highlighting why developers rely on this technique to solve intricate problems and enhance their software’s capabilities.

Throughout our journey, I will provide clear examples to decode the concept of monkey patching, making it accessible even if you have not dived deeply into the world of programming.

So, buckle up as we dive into the learning flow of monkey patching and discover its powerful impact on code flexibility and adaptability.

Monkey Patching: An Overview

The concept that we are about to discuss is widely popular in the Python community. However, what makes it even more remarkable is its applicability in other programming languages as well.

At its core, monkey patching is a programming technique that allows you to modify existing code at runtime without altering the source code.

Developers employ monkey patching to alter the behavior of a library or a module. It becomes convenient whenever you wish to add or modify a function at runtime.

While these techniques can significantly enhance efficiency, they come with a drawback: if not used properly, the code can be challenging to understand and maintain later.

Now, let’s delve deeper into the significance of monkey patching in the programming world. This will provide a clearer understanding of the concept and its expansive applicability.

Importance of Monkey Patching in Modern Programming

Monkey patching holds significant relevance in the programming and web development industry because it offers agile and dynamic solutions to common challenges. Here are some key points highlighting its relevance:

Rapid Bug Fixes: Enables immediate resolution of critical issues, enhancing software reliability and user experience.

Open Source Collaboration: Facilitates alterations in open-source projects, respecting the integrity of the original codebase.

Dynamic Frameworks: Adjusts functionalities in real-time, ensuring a seamless and responsive user experience.

Customization: Tailor third-party libraries for specific business needs without waiting for updates.

Efficiency in Development: Reduces development time by enabling quick experimentation with new features or modifications.

The information above helps you clarify the concept of Monkey Patching and its importance. If not, let’s explore different monkey patching techniques in various languages. This might give you a clearer insight into how to do Monkey Patching on your own.

Monkey Patching in Python

In Python, you can do monkey patching by changing the class or module directly. For example, to add a new method to a class:

class MyClass:

    def my_method(self):

        return "Original method"

# Monkey patching: Adding a new method to the class

def new_method(self):

    return "Patched method"

MyClass.my_method = new_method

obj = MyClass()


# Output: "Patched method"

To do Monkey Patching in Python, I often use two methods. One is the monkey patching functions I mentioned before, and the other is using decorators. Let’s look at an example for a clearer understanding:

def custom_decorator(func):

    def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):

        return f"Patched method: {func(*args, **kwargs)}"

    return wrapper

# Applying the decorator to a method


def my_method():

    return "Hello"


# Output: "Patched method: Hello"

Monkey Patching in JavaScript

In JavaScript, you can monkey patch objects and prototypes. Another way is by using Higher-Order Functions. These functions can change existing functions. Here are some examples to help you understand:

#1. Objects & Prototype

// Original object

const myObject = {

    myMethod: function() {

        return "Original method";



// Monkey patching: Modifying the existing method

myObject.myMethod = function() {

    return "Patched method";



// Output: "Patched method"

#2. Higher-Order Functions

function customWrapper(func) {

    return function() {

        return `Patched method: ${func.apply(this, arguments)}`;



function myFunction() {

    return "Hello";


myFunction = customWrapper(myFunction);


// Output: "Patched method: Hello" :

Monkey Patching in Ruby

In Ruby, you can open classes to add or change methods. Let’s see how:

class MyClass

    def my_method

        "Original method"



# Monkey patching: Adding a new method to the class

class MyClass

    def new_method

        "Patched method"



obj =

puts obj.my_method  # Output: "Original method"

puts obj.new_method  # Output: "Patched method"

Exploring Other Programming Landscapes

Next, we’ll look at other programming languages to understand the value and significance of this concept. Please be cautious. I’ve presented the information in bullet points for quick understanding.

  • C#: In C#, you can achieve monkey patching-like behavior using extension methods. Extension methods allow you to add new methods to existing types without modifying them.
  • Swift: In Swift, you can use extensions to add new methods or computed properties to existing types.
  • PHP: In PHP, you can use traits to achieve monkey patching-like behavior. Traits are similar to classes but intended to group functionality in a fine-grained and consistent way.
  • Scala: In Scala, you can use implicit classes to add new methods to existing classes without modifying them directly.

Unfortunately, In Go (or Golang), monkey patching is not directly supported because Go does not have the ability to modify existing methods or classes at runtime. Go’s type system is static and does not allow modifications to existing types. However, there are alternative techniques you can use to achieve similar results, although they are not exactly monkey patching. 

Final Words

Monkey patching is a dynamic programming technique that offers adaptability across multiple languages. From Python’s direct class modifications to JavaScript’s adjustments with Higher-Order Functions, its versatility is evident. 

Other languages, like Ruby, Swift, and C#, each have their own approaches, showcasing the global applicability of this method. However, it’s essential to apply monkey patching judiciously to maintain code clarity. As always, understanding and caution are crucial.

Next, check out a detailed article on dynamic programming and its learning resources.

Share on:
  • Rishav Kumar
    Rishav is a computer science and engineering graduate, having completed his B.Tech in 2019. His passion for exploring the world of technology has led him to pursue content development for the past few years. For Rishav, technology is not just…
  • Rashmi Sharma

    Rashmi is a highly experienced content manager, SEO specialist, and data analyst with over 7 years of expertise. She has a solid academic background in computer applications and a keen interest in data analysis.

    Rashmi is…

Thanks to our Sponsors

More great readings on Development

Creating Architecture Runway for the SAFe Portfolio
Creating Architecture Runway for the SAFe Portfolio

Have you ever wondered how it is possible that every time your product owner brings in some new feature topic, the team response is they need to investigate technical possibilities and create some form of design before they can be sure how to develop that feature? Then that’s most likely because you have no Architecture Runway in place.

Power Your Business

Some of the tools and services to help your business grow.
  • The text-to-speech tool that uses AI to generate realistic human-like voices.

    Try Murf AI
  • Web scraping, residential proxy, proxy manager, web unlocker, search engine crawler, and all you need to collect web data.

    Try Brightdata
  • is an all-in-one work OS to help you manage projects, tasks, work, sales, CRM, operations, workflows, and more.

    Try Monday
  • Intruder is an online vulnerability scanner that finds cyber security weaknesses in your infrastructure, to avoid costly data breaches.

    Try Intruder